About Rugby

 

Scoring and Starting the Ball

The goal of rugby is to move the the ball down the pitch (field) and touch it on the ground in the endzone. Scoring in the endzone is called a try and it worth five points. The ball is then taken out at the same spot it was touched down at and the scoring team is given a chance for two extra points by kicking the ball from a tee through the goal posts. The ball is either started out with a lineout on one side where one team will have "advantage" and throws the ball in between the two lines, or a scrum where the two teams are locked in facing each other. One team's scrumhalf has the advantage to put the ball in between the scrum so that one team will push over the ball and get it. When the ball reaches the backfeet of one team, the scrumhalf retrieves it and passes it out to the backs.

Tackling, Rucks, and Mauls

The objective of the defense is to get the ball from the offense, but first it must make sure to tackle the offense. Tackling is done by wrapping up the player and allowing his momentum to take him down. Once a player is tackled he has one second to post the ball on the ground behind him. Usually a ruck forms over the ball where at least two players on opposite teams are bound on over the ball and must drive over the ball. Once the ball is on one of their back feet it can be picked up into play. Mauls form when the ball carrier is held up and can not go to ground. Opposing players then push from each side pushing the pile. On offense the team with the ball should try to feed the ball back and put it back into play.

Passing

The fastest way of moving the ball down the field it by passing it out through the backs. Passes can not be forward but can only be sideways or behind. This is why the person recieving the ball stands back from the ball carrier so that the ball carrier can pass the ball sideways and the recieving player can burst into the ball and catch it. There are many passes in rugby. Pop passes are usefull when the ball carrier is held up at a short distance, a swinging motion of the arms is used to spin the ball for longer distances, and hand-offs are also usefull at closerange. Grub kicks are where the ball is kicked so that it rolls on the ground and higher pop kicks are also used to pass the ball.

The Forwards

The forwards, also known as the pack, are the bigger players on the team who are involved in the lineouts and scrums. They move the ball primarily by running the ball straight at the defense and mauling or rucking over it. They start out with the ball on line-outs and scrums, so they are responsible for getting the ball out to the backs. The props are on the first row of the scrum, and the locks, hooker, and forwards follow. The hooker throws the ball in on line-outs and is responsible for hocking the ball back with his foot in scrums. The 8-man is at the back of the scrum and gets the ball a lot off scrums. Lastly, the scrum-half is responsible for getting the ball off scrums and line-outs and offloading it to someone. He is the link betweeen the forwards and the backs.

The Backs

The backs line up staggered off one another on the opposite side of the forwards. The backs are the faster players on the field and move the ball by passing it out. The flyhalf recieves the ball from the scrumhalf and must pass the ball out to the backs to be successful. He is the leader of the backs and must call plays on offense and read the opposing offense on defense. Next to the flyhalf is the inside center, outside center, and stong-side wing. The inside center is often involved in crash plays. On the other side closer to the pack is the weak-side wing who is mostly responsible for fielding kicks, defense, filling in for the fullback, and on occasion taking the ball on a weak-side play. Lastly, the fullback hangs behind everyone else as a last measure of defense and as the primary punt returner. He can also fill in on some plays to create a surpprise overload on the defense.